Construction history

Up to the nineties of the twentieth century, most of natural gas delivered to the Western Europe was carried by pipelines running across Ukraine, Slovakia and the Czech Republic.  A growing demand for gas in countries of the Western Europe and also in Poland resulted in a need to consider construction of new gas pipelines that would allow for an increase in both quantities and flexibility.

The basis for construction of the Polish section of the Yamal-Europe gas pipeline was provided by signing the Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Poland and the Government of the Russian Federation on Construction of the System of Gas Pipelines for Transit of Russian Gas through the Territory of the Republic of Poland and Deliveries of Gas to the Republic of Poland.

The planned gas pipeline was to become the largest system of this kind in Poland and one of the largest ones in Europe. It was assumed that two lines of the gas pipeline, of the nominal diameter of 1400 mm, would be built to allow for transport of 67 million cubic meters of natural gas a year.

The approx. 684 km-long Polish portion of the Yamal pipeline has been built and commissioned for operation in several phases:

  • 1995 (April) – The „Nikiel” ship came into the port of Szczecin, carrying the first batch of the pipes,
  • 1996 – Making the first weld on the pipeline, so called “the first weld”,
  • 1996 – Commissioning of the first mainline segment of the first pipeline’s line, running from Górzyca to Lwówek Wielkopolski. Construction of this segment connected two gas systems: that of Poland and of Germany, and enabled commencing transmission of Russian gas to Germany via the Polish system,
  • 1999 (September) – making the last „golden” weld on the Polish segment of the Yamal pipeline,
  • 1999 – Commissioning of the Kondratki Gas Compressor and Metering Station,
  • 2000 – Commissioning of the Włocławek System’s Regulating and Metering Station,
  • 2005 – Commissioning of the Ciechanów and Szamotuły Compressor Stations,
  • 2006 – Commissioning of the Zambrów Compressor Station.

The design assumptions featured innovativeness unusual for that time. Particular attention was paid to ensuring adequate reliability of the pipeline and to minimise its effects on the environment. Many solutions used in the design were absolute novelties in Polish gas industry. Execution of the project required partnership among many experts and scientists from Poland and abroad.


The intergovernmental agreement signed in August 1993 envisioned that the design efforts, execution of the works as well as delivery of materials and equipment would be provided above all by Polish business entities, basing on contracts concluded by EUROPOL GAZ S.A. under conditions of competiveness.

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QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEM Design and construction of the System of Transit Gas Pipelines (SGT) within the territory of the Republic of Poland is based on the most stringent international engineering standards and sharp criteria of technical safety assessment thus ensuring adequate durability and long-term correct operation of the System.

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Facts and figures

In the territory of Poland the Yamal gas pipeline runs through:

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ul. Topiel 12
00-342 Warszawa
Phone: (+48) 22 586 7000,
fax: (+48) 22 586 7070

Taxpayer Identification No. (NIP): 113-00-68-959
National Business Register (REGON): 010407343
Waste Data Base (BDO): 00000 2075
National Court Register (KRS): 00000 60709
Warsaw Area Court for the Capital City of Warsaw
XII KRS Business Department
Share capital PLN 38 400 000, paid in full


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